If you have felt that you have a "gummy" smile because your teeth appear too short and you show too much gum when you smile or that your gum line is uneven, crown lengthening can be performed to solve your problem and expose more of your natural tooth. You simply may have too much gum tissue covering your teeth and hiding your smile.
This procedure can sculpt your gum line by removing excess gum tissue and giving you the proper contour of your gums and teeth with just the right length. Many times this is all that needs to be done, but if restorations are needed, this procedure sets the stage for allowing your new crowns to have the correct length and shape giving you a beautiful new smile. In addition, if a tooth is decayed or broken off under the gumline, it is often impossible to restore without exposing tooth structure; therefore, crown lengthening is necessary.
Soft Tissue Graft
Your gums may have receded for several reasons, thus exposing the roots of your teeth. If you choose to enhance your smile by covering one or more of these roots or because the roots are sensitive to hot or cold food/liquids, soft tissue grafts can be used to cover the exposed roots or develop gum tissue to even your gumline and reduce sensitivity.
If you lose one or more teeth, it is not uncommon to have an indentation in your gums and jawbone where the tooth used to be. This occurs because the jawbone recedes where it no longer is holding a tooth in place. This defect causes an unnatural indentation in the jaw line making it difficult to clean and maintain. In addition, this defect causes problems in placing dental implants because you do not have an adequate amount of bone.
Our periodontists can correct this problem by filling in the indentation with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge, a procedure called "ridge augmentation." Ridge augmentation improves your dental appearance and increases your chances for successful long-lasting dental implants.
Bone grafting is performed to reverse the bone loss or defect caused by periodontal disease, trauma, or ill-fitting removable dentures. When one loses a tooth, as in an extraction, the surrounding bone collapses. To preserve this bone for future implant placement or for esthetics, a bone graft is needed.
Socket preservation is the procedure of inserting donor bone into the tooth socket after a tooth has been gently removed. Socket preservation grafting is done to conserve the bone in the area of the jaw that a dental implant will be placed.
Sometimes a frenum, a thin band of tissue attached to the center of the upper lip, can be attached too high on the gums causing either recession or spaces between the front teeth. The simple procedure to remove the tissue attachment between the two front teeth is called a labial frenectomy. It is a common surgical procedure in dental and orthodontic practices. Additionally, denture patients often have a labial frenectomy to achieve a proper denture fit.